Aug 4, 2011
Ouch My Knee!
A knee injury can affect any of the ligaments, tendons or fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that surround your knee joint as well as the bones, cartilage and ligaments that form the joint itself. It is responsible for about 1/3 of all doctor's visits for muscle and bone pain. The knee its self-deals with a lot of the body’s weight and stressors and is a common area for pain during/post exercise. One of the most common reasons for knee pain are swollen or torn ligaments, meniscus (cartilage) tears, and runner's knee. But the knee is a complex joint, and there's plenty more that can go wrong. Other conditions that cause knee pain are:
- Bone chips. Sometimes, a knee injury can break off fragments from the bone or cartilage. These pieces can get stuck in the joint, causing it to freeze up. You may also have pain and swelling.
- Bursitis. A bursa is a sac of fluid that cushions and protects your joints. There are several in different parts of your knee. Overuse, a fall, or repeated bending can irritate the bursa, causing pain and swelling. Two types of bursitis are called ''housemaid's knee'' and ''preacher's knee,'' since they are often caused by kneeling. A ''Baker's cyst'' -- a swelling of one of the bursa in the knee -- can also result from injuries and from conditions like arthritis.
- Iliotibial band syndrome. The iliotibial band is a piece of tough tissue that runs from your hip down to your shin. If it's irritated by overuse or other problems, it can get swollen and cause pain on the outside of the knee.
- Medial plica syndrome. The plica is a fold of tissue in the knee joint. When it gets irritated from overuse, swelling and knee pain can result.
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease. This condition causes a painful bump below the knee, where a tendon from the kneecap connects to the shin. It's usually caused by overuse and irritation of the tendon. The pain may come and go over time. It's especially common in teenage boys and girls (13 and 14 years of age).
- Osteoarthritis . This condition is a frequent cause of knee pain in athletes and non-athletes alike who are over 60.
- Partially dislocated kneecap (or patellar subluxation). In this condition, the kneecap slides out of position, causing knee pain and swelling. It's often the result of physical defect in your legs, rather than an injury. It's particularly common in teenage girls.
- Tendonitis , or swelling of the tendons. Tendons are tough bands of tissue that connect your bones and muscles. Overuse can make the tendons inflamed and sore. One type of knee tendonitis is called ''jumper's knee.''
If an old knee injury was not properly treated, it may keep causing occasional -- or constant -- knee pain.
The reason we are about to talk about knee injury is that common injury that have brought individuals to our facility. If you feel these types of conditions affect you daily, it is important to see a health professional. A health professional will be able to prescribe healthy exercises that will not only help the injury but will in the long run make you better prepared in terms of prevention ideals. So stop using knee pain as an excuse to not exercise and use it as a reason why you need to!!