When researching training or nutrition you may find a lot of conflicting information about what you should be doing. The process of trial and error can be frustrating, and you may never get the results you are looking for from a training program without knowing what’s specifically best for your also known as body type. No two people are the same, however we can all be classified by the three basic “somatotypes”, or body type categories: ectomorph, mesomorph, and endomorph. Knowing your body type will help identify your strengths and weaknesses and give you better understand of how you will respond to training and nutrition.
An ectomorph is your typical skinny or small-framed person. They have a hard time gaining weight due to a fast metabolism. They are characterized by small bone structure, flat chest, small shoulder, do not gain muscle easily, and thin with long limbs. This body type requires a large amount of calories in order to gain and maintain muscle mass. Ectomorphs typically do well with eating a lot of carbohydrates, especially during exercise.
A mesomorph is the typical athletic looking person. They have a large bone structure, large muscles, and gain and lose weight easily. They are usually rectangular shaped bodies with good muscle definition, although gain fat much easier than an ectomorph. A mesomorph person will respond very well to resistance training to gain muscle and cardiovascular training to lose fat.
An Endomorph is the typical big boned, or thick person. They are usually heavy set with a round physique that does not have well defined muscles. Endomorphs have a slow metabolism, which makes it very easy to gain fat and muscle. This also makes it very hard to lose fat. Endomorphs typically do better on a moderate to low carbohydrate diet. This physique is characterized by being very strong with large bone structure that can support a lot of weight. To minimize fat mass increases it is recommended that endomorphs consistently perform resistance training and cardiovascular exercise.
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St. Pierre, Brian. "Workout Nutrition Explained. What to Eat Before, During, and after Exercise." Precision Nutrition. Precision Nutrition, n.d. Web. 11 July 2014.