Introduction Running injuries occur frequently in the recreational running population and the return to running process can be challenging. Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) and patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) are two of the most common running injuries linked to overuse, hip dysfunction, and running mechanics. Both of these injuries typically include pain located around the lateral side of the knee (6). The exact causes may be different, but the prevention and recovery is similar, thus giving runners a uniform plan (e.g., strength training, volume progression, and flexibility/range of motion (ROM) exercises) to follow as they return to a running program. Initial Treatment Stage ITBS and PFPS may be overuse injuries or related to hip dysfunction, hence the importance of proper progression following a running-related injury (5). The adaptation of the musculoskeletal system to running is a slower process than that of the cardiovascular system (3).
Having sustained a running-related injury increases the risk of re-occurrence. Engaging in a return to running program that has a structured volume progression plan and includes dynamic warm-up, strength training, flexibility, and ROM can decrease the risk of developing an overuse injury.
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