Happy Wednesday everyone! Today I would like to talk about how different training styles can best fit your individual needs. Lets take a look at the most common training methods.
1 - Low intensity / high duration cardio - Jogging, elliptical training and cycling are the most common choices. This type of training is great for keeping the heart healthy, sweating out toxins, and clearing the mind of stress. I believe that everyone should incorporate this type of training, however, it is often misconceived to be the best way to lose weight. This type of training can result in weight loss but often times the weight is both fat and muscle.
2 - High intensity / low duration cardio - Sprints, interval training and anything that gets your heart rate up very quickly falls into this category. This type of training is great for heart health, increasing energy and burning fat. Depending on your level of fitness, this type of training can be done in 10 minutes because of its high intensity. This type of training is often neglected because it is very physically challenging. My recommendation is to remember that "high intensity" is relative to your fitness level. If the word "sprint" makes you think of a cheetah catching a gazelle, just remember, for this context, 'sprinting' can mean - 'a high intensity cardio exercise that can not be done for longer than 45 seconds.'
3 - Strength training - Weightlifting and any exercise that challenges the muscles significantly more than breathing. Strength training is often overlooked for its power in burning fat. Strength training builds muscles and muscles increase the metabolism. Strength training raises hormones that give you energy and will have a positive affect on cardio performance, especially when the lower body is strengthened.
4 - Flexibility training - Any movement that challenges a muscle to go through a range of motion. Flexibility training can have a great impact on stress reduction and keeping your body injury free. Can someone be too flexible though? Absolutely! Our muscles lose flexibility overtime when not used because our bodies are trying to keep them safe. Too much stretching without enough strength training can result in unstable joints. Basically, muscles and ligaments stabilize our joints. Excessive stretching can lengthen the ligaments and if the muscle does not become stronger, the joint becomes more vulnerable to injury.
I hope these tips helped clear any confusion with training. As always, if you have any questions feel free to ask.